Her self-titled comic book series became a cultural phenomenon, with extensive media coverage by CNN , the New York Times and The Colbert Report , and embraced by anti- Islamophobia campaigners in San Francisco who plastered over anti-Muslim bus adverts with Kamala stickers. Regarding Jean's actual return to the X-Men franchise, Marvel indicated that Jean's eventual return is being discussed but stated that the return of Jean Grey was "a story Marvel does not want to rush". Hal Jordan 's love interest Carol Ferris was introduced as the Vice-President of Ferris Aircraft and later took over the company from her father; Medusa , who was first introduced in the Fantastic Four series, is a member of the Inhuman Royal Family and a prominent statesperson within her people's quasi-feudal society; and Carol Danvers , a decorated officer in the United States Air Force who would become a costumed superhero herself years later. Polar Fleece Solid White. Dark Lord Mad scientist Supervillain.
Kamen Rider is a motorcycle riding hero in an insect-like costume, who shouts Henshin Transform to don his costume and gain superhuman powers. The ideas of second-wave feminism , which spread through the s into the s, greatly influenced the way comic book companies would depict as well as market their female characters: Wonder Woman was for a time revamped as a mod-dressing martial artist directly inspired by the Emma Peel character from the British television series The Avengers no relation to the superhero team of the same name ,  but later reverted to Marston's original concept after the editors of Ms.
Both major publishers began introducing new superheroines with a more distinct feminist theme as part of their origin stories or character development. Hal Jordan 's love interest Carol Ferris was introduced as the Vice-President of Ferris Aircraft and later took over the company from her father; Medusa , who was first introduced in the Fantastic Four series, is a member of the Inhuman Royal Family and a prominent statesperson within her people's quasi-feudal society; and Carol Danvers , a decorated officer in the United States Air Force who would become a costumed superhero herself years later.
In Shotaro Ishinomori 's Himitsu Sentai Gorenger debuted on what is now TV Asahi, it brought the concepts of multi-colored teams and supporting vehicles that debuted in Gatchaman into live-action, and began the Super Sentai franchise later adapted into the American Power Rangers series in the s.
In , Toei adapted Spider-Man into a live-action Japanese television series. In this continuity, Spider-Man had a vehicle called Marveller that could transform into a giant and powerful robot called Leopardon, this idea would be carried over to Toei's Battle Fever J and now multi-colored teams not only had support vehicles but giant robots to fight giant monsters with.
Female characters began assuming leadership roles in many ensemble superhero teams; the Uncanny X-Men series and its related spin-off titles in particular have included many female characters in pivotal roles since the s.
With more and more anime , manga and tokusatsu being translated or adapted, Western audiences were beginning to experience the Japanese styles of superhero fiction more than they were able to before. Saban 's Mighty Morphin Power Rangers , an adaptation of Zyuranger , created a multimedia franchise that used footage from Super Sentai.
Most dictionary definitions   and common usages of the term are generic and not limited to the characters of any particular company or companies. Critics in the legal community dispute whether the "Super Hero" marks meet the legal standard for trademark protection in the United States: Controversy exists over each element of that standard: In keeping with their origins as representing the archetypical hero stock character in s American comics, superheroes are predominantly depicted as white Anglo-Saxon American middle- or upper-class heterosexual young adult males who are typically tall, athletic, educated, physically attractive and in perfect health.
Beginning in the s with the civil rights movement in the United States, and increasingly with the rising concern over political correctness in the s, superhero fiction centered on cultural, ethnic, national, racial and language minority groups from the perspective of US demographics began to be produced. This began with depiction of black superheroes in the s, followed in the s with a number of other ethnic superheroes.
In the s, this was further augmented by the first depictions of superheroes as homosexual. In , Sign Gene emerged, the first group of deaf superheroes with superpowers through the use of sign language.
In , Marvel Comics introduced the Black Panther , an African monarch who became the first non- caricatured black superhero. In , the Monica Rambeau incarnation of Captain Marvel was the first female black superhero from a major publisher to get her own title in a special one-shot issue.
In , Red Wolf became the first Native American in the superheroic tradition to headline a series. Kitty Pryde , a member of the X-Men, was an openly Jewish superhero in mainstream American comic books as early as Comic-book companies were in the early stages of cultural expansion and many of these characters played to specific stereotypes ; Cage and many of his contemporaries often employed lingo similar to that of blaxploitation films, Native Americans were often associated with shamanism and wild animals , and Asian Americans were often portrayed as kung fu martial artists.
Subsequent minority heroes, such as the X-Men 's Storm and the Teen Titans ' Cyborg avoided such conventions; they were both part of ensemble teams, which became increasingly diverse in subsequent years.
Milestone's initial run lasted four years, during which it introduced Static , a character adapted into the WB Network animated series Static Shock. In addition to the creation of new minority heroes, publishers have filled the identities and roles of once-Caucasian heroes with new characters from minority backgrounds.
The creators of the s-era Justice League animated series selected Stewart as the show's Green Lantern. In the Ultimate Marvel universe, Miles Morales , a multiracial American youth who was also bitten by a genetically-altered spider, debuted as the new Spider-Man after the apparent death of the original.
Kamala Khan , a Pakistani-American teenager who is revealed to have Inhuman lineage after her shapeshifting powers manifested, takes on the identity of Ms.
Her self-titled comic book series became a cultural phenomenon, with extensive media coverage by CNN , the New York Times and The Colbert Report , and embraced by anti- Islamophobia campaigners in San Francisco who plastered over anti-Muslim bus adverts with Kamala stickers.
Certain established characters have had their ethnicity changed when adapted to another continuity or media. In , Marvel revealed that Northstar , a member of the Canadian mutant superhero team Alpha Flight , was homosexual , after years of implication. From the mids onward, several established Marvel and DC comics characters or a variant version of the pre-existing character were outed or reintroduced as LGBT individuals by both publishers.
Notable transgender or gender bending characters are fewer in number by comparison: Desire from Neil Gaiman 's The Sandman series and Xavin from the Runaways are both characters who could and often change their gender at will. Alysia Yeoh , a supporting character created by writer Gail Simone for the Batgirl ongoing series published by DC Comics, received substantial media attention in for being the first major transgender character written in a contemporary context in a mainstream American comic book.
The Sailor Moon series is known for featuring a substantial number of openly LGBT characters since its inception, as Japan have traditionally been more open about portraying homosexuality in its children's media compared to many countries in the West.
In , Pluin introduced Sign Gene , a film featuring a group of deaf superheroes with supernatural powers through the use of sign language. The film was produced by and with deaf people and nurtures the culture's self image by reflecting correctly the core of the Deaf culture , history and language.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Superhero disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Please improve the article by adding information on neglected viewpoints, or discuss the issue on the talk page. LGBT themes in comics. List of LGBT characters in comics.
Superhero fiction portal Speculative fiction portal. Archived from the original on November 14, Archived PDF from the original on November 19, In the process of defeating the Super-Skrull, Dr.
Storm sacrifices his own life to protect the Fantastic Four from a Skrull booby trap. Reed and Sue's relationship progresses, with the two of them deciding to get married. The wedding is the event of the century, with several of New York City 's preeminent superheroes in attendance. Johnny's girlfriend, the Inhuman elementalist Crystal , joins the team, taking over Susan's roster spot.
Susan's cosmic ray irradiated blood cells serve as an obstacle for her in carrying the unborn child to term. Effectively utilizing the device, the baby is safely delivered and is named Franklin , in memory of Susan and Johnny's father. Seeking to use the boy's talents for his own sadistic purposes, Annihilus triggers a premature full release of Franklin's latent abilities, which were already in the process of gradual emergence. Fearing that his son could release enough psionic energy to eliminate all life on Earth, Reed shuts down Franklin's mind.
Angry with Reed for not seeking her input in the matter, Susan leaves the Fantastic Four and has a marital separation from Reed. Susan eventually becomes pregnant for a second time. However, this second child is stillborn due to Susan having been exposed to radiation inside the Negative Zone. As Malice, Susan attacks her friends and family in the Fantastic Four, utilizing her abilities at power levels she had never displayed previously.
Reed saves Susan by forcing her to hate him legitimately. Susan is profoundly affected by the entire episode, and changes her code name from "Invisible Girl" to "Invisible Woman". During the Infinity War , Susan faces off against Malice, who has reemerged in her subconscious. Susan absorbs Malice into her own consciousness. Subsequently, Susan's personality is influenced by Malice, causing her to become more aggressive in battle, even creating invisible razor-like force fields she uses to slice enemies.
Her son Franklin, who has traveled forward and back in time, becomes the adult hero Psi-Lord , frees his mother, and absorbs the influence of Malice into himself. He eventually defeats Malice by projecting her into the mind of the Dark Raider , an insane alternate universe counterpart of Reed Richards who later dies in the Negative Zone.
After the apparent death of Reed, Susan becomes a capable leader. Susan keeps searching for Reed, feeling he is still alive, despite romantic advances from her old flame, Namor the Sub-Mariner. The Fantastic Four eventually rescue the time-displaced Reed, who finds himself temporarily losing confidence in his leadership skills, since Susan is also a capable leader. This new Marvel Girl came from an alternate future, where she was the child of Susan and Doctor Doom.
Susan eventually comes to accept the young girl as a friend. During a conflict with Abraxas , Franklin reveals that he used his abilities to save Susan's original stillborn child and place it in another alternate future.
After the ordeal involving Abraxas, Marvel Girl is restored to a baby again inside Susan's womb. Susan again has a difficult birthing. Due to the help of Doctor Doom, Susan gives birth to a healthy baby girl, which Doom names Valeria, his price for helping Sue. Doom places a spell on the baby, which makes her his familiar spirit , to be used against the Fantastic Four. The Fantastic Four wrestle Valeria free from Doom's control and defeat him.
Zius, leader of a group of Galactus refugees , kidnaps Susan. His intent was to use her powers to hide planets from Galactus. Reed finds a way to fool Zius, by switching Susan and Johnny's powers.
Susan assists in an adventure where Johnny becomes a herald of Galactus. Wielding a cosmic version of her powers, Johnny is able to see through people to the very cores of their personality. Both Sue and Johnny gain a newfound respect for each other and how they deal with their powers. Soon, Reed tries to switch the powers back. The entire FF's powers are granted to four random civilians before being restored to their rightful wielders. This parallels an earlier torture by Doom, where Sue was given an extremely painful version of Johnny's pyrokinetic ability.
During the storyline " Civil War ", which takes place in the aftermath of an explosion in a residential neighborhood in Stamford, Connecticut , and prompting calls for the government to register people with superhuman abilities, Sue's brother Johnny is beaten up by locals angered by his celebrity superhero status.
Although Sue is initially part of the pro-registration side supporting the Superhuman Registration Act , she defects after the Thor clone, created by her husband Mister Fantastic and Tony Stark , kills Bill Foster. Sue leaves the Baxter Building, informing Reed via a note that their children are in his care, as she intends to join Captain America's underground resistance force. Her final injunction to her husband is a heartfelt request: The Storm siblings narrowly escape a team of S.
The two further elude detection by operating under fake husband and wife identities provided by Nick Fury, becoming members of Captain America's Secret Avengers. Before storming the Negative Zone prison, Sue visits Namor to plead for assistance.
He refuses and indicates she is still attracted to him, an accusation she does not deny. During the final battle depicted in Civil War 7, as Susan is nearly shot by Taskmaster , but Reed Richards jumps in front of her and takes the brunt of the attack, sustaining a major injury.
Outraged, Susan beats Taskmaster into the ground. Following the end of the war, Susan helps with the clean-up of New York City. She and the other Secret Avengers are granted amnesty, and she returns home to Reed. Seeking to repair the damage done to their marriage as a result of the war, Sue and Reed take time off from the Fantastic Four, but ask Storm and the Black Panther to take their places in the meantime.
Reed has designed a machine that recreates the Sentry 's aura. The Hulk, only momentarily calmed, discovers the ruse. Sue deploys her force fields to defend Reed against the Hulk, who shatters her protective fields with such force that she collapses, leaving Reed vulnerable.
Reed suffers a vicious beating at the hands of the Hulk; Sue telephones the Sentry for help. The Hulk transforms Madison Square Garden into a gladiatorial arena. Sue and the other defeated heroes are held captive in a lower level. The heroes are outfitted with the same obedience disks that were used to suppress the Hulk's powers and force him to fight his companions on Sakaar. At the same time, a mysterious new group, calling themselves the New Defenders, commits robberies, and one of their members, Psionics, starts a relationship with Johnny.
After a bad break-up, Johnny is kidnapped by the Defenders, along with Doctor Doom and Galactus, to power a massive machine that is designed to apparently save the people of the future years from now, a plan orchestrated by Tabitha, who is revealed to be Susan Richards from years in the future. Eventually, the present Fantastic Four are able to save both the present Earth and the future Earth by sending the future inhabitants to the Earth Trust's private duplicate Nu-Earth, but after freeing Doctor Doom, the future Sue goes to apologize to him and is electrocuted by Doom.
While Susan is on a lecture tour in Vancouver, British Columbia, a Skrull posing as Mister Fantastic ambushes her, applying pressure to her skull with an invisible force field and knocking her unconscious. Then, a Skrull infiltrates the Baxter Building disguised as Susan and opens a portal into the Negative Zone , forcing the top three floors of the building into the Negative Zone, and in turn trapping herself, Johnny, Ben, and the two Richards children there.
Time-displaced Jean attempts to ask Phoenix questions about the Phoenix Force but she dodges Jean's questions. Instead Phoenix takes Jean for a night out and shows off her powers. After witnessing Phoenix use her cosmic powers to fight off Galactus from consuming a defenseless planet, Jean contemplates warning Phoenix of her fate until an encounter with The Watcher stops her from doing so.
The Watcher commends Jean and tells her that choosing to not change her future means that her ultimate fate is in her own hands whether or not she ends up hosting the Phoenix Force back in her present. As Jean returns to her present, Phoenix cryptically states that they will meet again.
Backed by a host of former Phoenix Force wielders, Emma Frost, Quentin Quire, Hope Summers, the Stepford Cuckoos and even the spirit of the adult Jean Grey, the teen Jean tries to defy destiny and stop the Phoenix before it can take her over and bend her to its will.
With the Phoenix Force now on Earth, the team realizes it's going to take a lot more than they have to stop it. And while the young Jean is able to wound the Phoenix with the aid of Cable's Psi-mitar, the Phoenix seems just too strong for anyone to overcome. Teen Jean eventually managed to push the cosmic force far away from her friends and allies, where a final battle can take place. However, both Jean Greys learned how wrong they were, as the Phoenix was never coming for teen Jean, at least not like they believed.
Actually, the Phoenix wants the adult Jean, but to do that it needs the young Jean out of the way. Thus, the force floods her body with flaming psychic energy, incinerating her from the inside out, leaving only a skeleton.
However, after dying, the younger Jean found herself somehow in the White Hot Room despite not being a Phoenix host. Angry, the Phoenix attempted to destroy her using mental manifestations of its past hosts, created from pieces of their life forces left in the Room. Jean realized that she could control the White Hot Room against the Phoenix wishes and commanded the cosmic entity to resurrect her, which it did so in order to get rid of her.
After returning to Madripoor, she was approached by her resurrected older Earth counterpart, much to her surprise. Jean Grey is an Omega-level mutant , and at her highest and strongest potential was fully merged with the Phoenix Force and with it was able to defeat even Galactus.
When her powers first manifested, Jean was unable to cope with her telepathic abilities , forcing Professor Charles Xavier to suppress her access to it altogether.
Instead, he chose to train her in the use of her psychokinetic abilities while allowing her telepathy to grow at its natural rate before reintroducing it.
The Women of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades Handbook detailed Jean's telepathic abilities:. Jean is also one of the few telepaths skilled enough to communicate with animals animals with high intelligence, such as dolphins ,  dogs ,  and ravens . As a side effect of her telepathy, she has an eidetic memory.
She briefly developed a psychic shadow form like Psylocke's, with a gold Phoenix emblem over her eye instead of the Crimson Dawn mark possessed by Psylocke.
Jean possesses a high-level of telekinetic ability that enables her to psionically levitate and rapidly move about all manner of animate and inanimate matter. She can use her telekinetic abilities on herself or others to simulate the power of flight or levitation, stimulate molecules to increase friction, create protective force fields out of psychokinetic energy, or project her telekinetic energy as purely concussive force. The outer limits of her telekinetic power have never been clearly established, though she was capable of lifting approximately fifty tons of rubble with some strain.
Jean's younger self who had been brought from the past into the present by an older Hank McCoy eventually found an entirely new usage of her powers separate from the Phoenix Force. The teenage Marvel Girl learned she has the ability to merge with and become psionic energy by drawing on the ambient thought waves emanating from sentient minds then pooling them together with her own telekinetic prowess,  transforming her physical self into raw mental power which she can discharge and utilize at will.
Its potency is such that she can match and overpower the likes of Gladiator, magistrate of the Shi'ar, with relative ease. Under the tutelage of Psylocke , teenage Marvel Girl has learned the ability to create psionic weapons that damage a target either physically, mentally or both in some point. She showed skill in constructing multiple types of psionic weapons that differ in size, length and power which she uses in combat. The relationship between Jean Grey and the Phoenix Force and the nature of the powers she has is portrayed in a variety of ways throughout the character's history.
In the initial plotline of the Phoenix being a manifestation of Jean's true potential, these powers are considered her own,  as part of Claremont and Byrne's desire to create "the first cosmic superheroine". In one instance Jean forcibly ripped the Phoenix out of Emma Frost and imposed its status upon herself. Jean then subsequently forced the Phoenix to resurrect her after manipulating the Phoenix's mental landscape against it. Over the years, Jean's abilities while bonded to the Phoenix Force have fluctuated, but the Women of Marvel: The Phoenix Force also seems to render its host unaging and, at least in some adaptations, enhances the physical strength of its avatar to superhuman levels; in certain incarnations, Jean, namely while acting as Dark Phoenix, seemed to possess some level of superhuman strength.
For one reason or another, Jean Grey both young and old has, on more than one occasion, been repeatedly resurrected by either the Phoenix   or apparently her sheer force of will without Phoenix. During the height of the Psych Wars , Young Jean was able to forcibly make the Phoenix Force restore her to life,  despite the Phoenix's adamant resolve not to do so, completely recreating her body after it had been vaporized.
Some time later, after her body was taken over and completely devoured by a Poison , a small part of Jean's mind survived and, despite itself, was able to infect the whole Poison Hive and destroy it from the inside out, subsequently using nothing but her mind to reconstruct her body.
This leaves Jean believing that she may not even be human anymore. Jean Grey is a trained pilot and proficient unarmed combatant. She also has some degree of teaching ability, experience as a fashion model, and training in psychology. As a fictional character in the Marvel Universe , Jean Grey appears in various alternate plot lines and fictional universes.
Jean Grey appears in various media, such as animated programs, video games, films, and is sometimes referenced in pop culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For British actress, see Vivean Gray. Art by Brandon Peterson. Telekinesis Telepathy Astral projection While acting as an avatar for the Phoenix Force , Jean's own powers are magnified. The Dark Phoenix Saga.
X-Factor comics and Madelyne Pryor. Alternative versions of Jean Grey. Jean Grey in other media. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 30 July Archived from the original on February 21, Archived from the original on 17 July Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 29 September An Interview with John Byrne".
Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved January 17, Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed.
The 5 Most Ridiculously Sexist Superhero Costumes
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